Crime and Justice

Why this issue matters for racial equity?

U.S. policing has been a historical tool used to maintain and control Blacks from its roots in slavery and Jim Crow, to contemporary racial profiling, stop-search-frisk policies and gang injunctions. In response to the Civil Rights Movement, the white opposition launched the War on Drugs and zero-tolerance policies, which led to an explosion in the prison population, disproportionately affecting Black men.

Policy levers:

Throughout California, community leaders are advocating for reducing sentences, increasing prevention and resources in low-income neighborhoods to help the formerly incarcerated rehabilitate into society and prevent violence without increasing policing.



Arrests for status offenses, perception of safety, police use of force, incarceration, and access to reentry services.

Key Takeaways

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Police Officer Representation
Surprisingly, Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders are highly represented among police officers—eight per 1,000 persons—which is greater than the ratio for Whites (three per 1,000) and Blacks (two per 1,000).
06 of 7 key issues

Crime and Justice

Diversifying the police force – combined with institutional practices and officer trainings to address implicit bias – can improve relations with police and communities of color.

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