U.S. policing has been a historical tool used to maintain and control Blacks from its roots in slavery and Jim Crow, to contemporary racial profiling, stop-search-frisk policies and gang injunctions. In response to the Civil Rights Movement, the white opposition launched the War on Drugs and zero-tolerance policies, which led to an explosion in the prison population, disproportionately affecting Black men.
Throughout California, community leaders are advocating for reducing sentences, increasing prevention and resources in low-income neighborhoods to help the formerly incarcerated rehabilitate into society and prevent violence without increasing policing.
Arrests for status offenses, perception of safety, police use of force, incarceration, and access to reentry services.
Diversifying the police force – combined with institutional practices and officer trainings to address implicit bias – can improve relations with police and communities of color.