U.S. policing has been a historical tool used to maintain and control Blacks from its roots in slavery and Jim Crow, to contemporary racial profiling, stop-search-frisk policies and gang injunctions. In response to the Civil Rights Movement, the white opposition launched the War on Drugs and zero-tolerance policies, which led to an explosion in the prison population, disproportionately affecting Black men.
Throughout California, community leaders are advocating for reducing sentences, increasing prevention and resources in low-income neighborhoods to help the formerly incarcerated rehabilitate into society and prevent violence without increasing policing.
Truancy arrests, curfew arrests, perception of safety, fatalities from police encounters, incarceration, and access to reentry services.
Truancy arrests criminalize student tardiness or absenteeism from school and places them in contact at an early age with the criminal justice system. Truancy arrests have not been proven to be effective at increasing attendance or decreasing long-term criminal behavior.